The Department of the Interior publishes a list of minerals deemed critical to U.S. national security and to the overall U.S economy. Critical minerals are used in products such as electronics, metal alloys, fuel cells, permanent magnets, high-capacity batteries, defense equipment, etc. Disruption to the supply chains of these critical minerals could result in significant national security and economic impacts.

Examples of critical minerals and their uses include:

  • Barite: Cement and petroleum products.
  • Beryllium: Aerospace and defense manufacturing.
  • Fluorspar: Aluminum, gasoline, and uranium fuel.
  • Graphite: Lubricants, batteries, and fuel cells.
  • Lithium: Batteries for electric cars, computers, and industrial equipment.
  • Magnesium: Furnace linings for manufacturing steel and ceramics.
  • Manganese: Steelmaking.
  • Rare earth element minerals (REEs): Batteries and high-tech electronics like cell phones and night-vision goggles
  • Titanium: White pigment and metal alloys.
  • Vanadium: Titanium alloys.
  • Zirconium: High-temperature ceramics.

Services for Critical Minerals

The Division of Energy and Mineral Development provides project assistance to Tribes and individuals to develop critical minerals on their trust land. Learn more about how we can help below.

Additional Information

Additional Resources

Contact Us

Branch of Solid Minerals
Office of Trust Services, Division of Energy and Mineral Development 13922 Denver West Parkway, Ste. 200
Lakewood, CO 80401-3142
9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. MDT, Monday-Friday