Courts of Indian Offences (CFR Courts) operate where Tribes retain jurisdiction over American Indians that is exclusive of state jurisdiction, but where Tribal courts have not been established to fully exercise that jurisdiction.
The CFR Court is a trial court where parties present their cases before a Magistrate Judge. The Judge’s decision may be appealed to the Court of Indian Offences within a timely manner.List of CFR Courts and the Tribes they Serve
There are five CFR Courts spread across the nation that serve multiple Tribes.
- Santa Fe Indian School Property, including the Santa Fe Indian Health Hospital, and the Albuquerque Indian School Property (land held in trust for the 19 Pueblos of New Mexico)
- Kewa Pueblo (New Mexico) is the only CFR court that retains only criminal jurisdiction, and the Pueblo retains all other jurisdiction.
2. The following Tribes are located in the Southern Plains CFR Court
- Apache Tribe of Oklahoma;
- Caddo Nation of Oklahoma;
- Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma;
- Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma;
- Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians; and
- Wichita and Affiliated Tribe of Indians
3. The following Tribes are located in the Western Region CFR Court
- Skull Valley Band of Goshutes Indians (Utah)
- Te-Moak Band of Western Shoshone Indians (Nevada)
4. The following Tribes located in the Eastern Oklahoma Region CFR Court
- Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma;
- Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma;
- Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma;
- Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; and
- Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma.
5. The following Tribe is located in the Southwest Region CFR Court
- Ute Mountain Ute (Colorado)