Most tribal lands today are trust lands and under the control of tribal governments, which ensures that tribes are able to make decisions about their property and citizens with their participation and consent.
Trust lands are generally exempt from the legal authority of states, except in cases where Congress authorizes such authority.
All federally recognized American Indian tribes and individuals are eligible to apply for a fee-to-trust land acquisition.
If the applicant is not a tribe nor a tribal member, or is a tribe that does have legal rights to the land that will be acquired, written tribal consent for a non-member application for the acquisition is required.
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