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Points of Contact for the Probate Process

Find out who to get in touch with during the probate process

The Division of Probate Services compiles inventories of Indian Trust assets and family data heirship information to coordinate the timely distribution of trust assets with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA), the Division of Land Titles and Records (DLTR), and the Bureau of Trust Funds Administration (BTFA).

For information about the status of an Indian probate, please contact your Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Regional or Agency office, OHA, DLTR, or BTFA using the information provided on this page.

When an American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) individual who owns trust or restricted lands and/or trust funds passes away, please notify BIA immediately.

Delays in notifying BIA about decedents may lead to delays in the probate process. Timely cooperation from the decedent’s heirs will help the process move as quickly as possible. 

General Probate Information at BIA Regional and Agency Offices

Delivery of probate services to AI/AN individuals is administered by the BIA’s 12 regional offices, 83 agencies, and Tribes that have compacted or contracted through the probate program. 

The online Tribal Leaders Directory map can help you identify the BIA region and agency that serves you.

BIA Regional Office Location Probate Phone Number

Alaska

Juneau, Alaska

(907) 271-3911

Eastern

Nashville, Tennessee

(615) 564-6770

Eastern Oklahoma

Muskogee, Oklahoma

(918) 781-4611

Great Plains

Aberdeen, South Dakota

(605) 226-7665

Midwest

Bloomington, Minnesota

(612) 725-4500

Navajo

Gallup, New Mexico

(928) 871-5935

Northwest 

Portland, Oregon

(503) 231-2276

Pacific

Sacramento, California

(916) 978-6070

Rocky Mountain

Billings, Montana

(406) 247-7907

Southern Plains

Shawnee, Oklahoma

(405) 273-0317

Southwest

Albuquerque, New Mexico

(505) 563-3334

Western

Phoenix, Arizona

(602) 379-4299

Information About Hearings, Titles, and Asset Distribution at OHA, DLTR, and BTFA

OHA

An OHA judge or ADM decides how the trust or restricted lands and/or trust funds will be distributed among the eligible heirs or devisees.

For information about hearings or rehearings, please visit the Probate Hearings Division of OHA website: https://www.doi.gov/oha/organization/phd

DLTR 

After the OHA judge or Attorney Decision Maker (ADM) issues a decision, DLTR will update the land title record of the deceased AI/AN’s trust or restricted property to reflect the heirs or devisees as the current owners. 

An ADM is an attorney with OHA who conducts a summary of probate proceedings. 

For more information about titles, please visit the DLTR website: https://www.bia.gov/bia/ots/dltr

BFTA

After an OHA judge or ADM issues the decision, and following any appeals, BTFA will distribute the assets from the deceased individual’s Individual Indian Money (IIM) account to the eligible heirs or devisees listed in OHA’s decision.

For information about IIM accounts, please visit the BTFA website: https://www.doi.gov/ost

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