Tiwahe (ti-wah-hay) means family in the Lakota language and symbolizes the interconnectedness of all living things and one’s personal responsibility to protect family, community, and the environment. In an effort to empower federally recognized Tribes to realize this potential, Indian Affairs (IA) launched the Tiwahe Initiative in fiscal year (FY) 2015 as appropriated by the Congress. The Initiative is made up of several components, which work together to protect and promote the development of prosperous and resilient Tribal communities. This phase is commonly referred to as the Tiwahe Demonstration Project.

Tiwahe is an extensive and bold approach to furthering Indian self determination and self governance. It allows flexibility in the administration of key Tribal programs, supports Tribal economic self-sufficiency, and strengthens Tribal cultural connections. Tiwahe fosters systemic change in the delivery of services to children and families through the integration of Tribal practices, customs, values, and traditions.

There were six (6) pilot Tribal sites chosen as participants in the five year demonstration project, representing a total of 61 Federally recognized Tribes and Alaska Native villages:

  1. Association of Village Council Presidents (comprised of 56 Alaska Native villages)
  2. Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana
  3. Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona
  4. Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota
  5. Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota
  6. Ute Mountain Ute Tribe

The pilot sites joined together to publish a final Tribal report to show each of their accomplishments in the initial years of implementation.

The final Tiwahe Report to the Congress, December 2021, was transmitted to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees on December 28, 2021. The final report encompasses the Tribal reports as submitted to IA.

In FY 2022, IA is seeking to continue funding for the Tiwahe Initiative and plans to hold Tribal consultation on further implementation as to additional Tribal participation and other criteria relative to this expansion of participants.

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IA Tiwahe Final Report to Congress


Appendix 1 - Tribal Report: Executive Summary

Appendix 2 - Tribal Report: Congressional Summary on the Tiwahe Initiative Demonstration Project

Appendix 3 - Tribal Report: Tiwahe Outcomes Framework

Appendix 4 -Tribal Report: A Roadmap To Implement The Tiwahe Outcomes Framework

Appendix 5 - Tribal Report:  Implementation Guide

Appendix 6 - Tribal Report:  Impact Summary Report Indian Child Welfare Act Program

Appendix 7 - Tribal Report: Integrating Family_ Community_ and Tribal Svcs Reflections and Evaluation of a 5 Yr Pilot Demo

Appendix 8 - BIA: History of Tiwahe Funding Across All IA Program Types FY2015-FY2020 Dec 2021

Appendix 9 - BIA: All Tribes RRI Evaluation Report September 2020

Please stay tune for further information about Tiwahe Tribal Consultation.

If you want talk to us about the Tiwahe Initiative Program, please contact us

Office of Indian Services

1849 C Street N.W. MS-3645-MIB 

Washington, DC 20240