Chinook Public Hearing

The Bureau of Indian Affairs, Northwest Regional Office (NWRO), is developing a proposed plan that provides for the distribution and use of judgment funds to the lineal descendants of individuals from the historic Clatsop Tribe of Indians and the Lower Band of Chinook Indians of Washington awarded by the Indian Claims Commission (ICC) in ICC Docket 234.


On November 4, 1970, the ICC in Docket 234 awarded $48,692.05 to the Lower Band of Chinook and Clatsop Indians as additional compensation for lands taken in August 1851. Prior to the proceeding on the merits and the November 4, 1970 decision in Docket 234, the ICC, on April 16, 1958, concluded that the “petitioner organization,” the Chinook Tribe and Band of Indians, had the capacity to prosecute the action for and on behalf of the Lower Band of Chinook Indians and Clatsop Indians. The ICC did not, however, recognize the Chinook Tribe and Band of Indians for any other purposes.

Funds to satisfy the 1970 award (Judgment Funds) were appropriated to the Department of the Interior by the Act of October 31, 1972, 86 Stat. 1498. Pursuant to the Indian Tribal Judgment Funds Use or Distribution Act, 25 U.S.C. 1401, (Judgment Act) the Judgment Funds were deposited into a trust account established for the benefit of the successors in interest to Lower Band of Chinook and Clatsop Indians until such time the Judgment Funds are disbursed in accordance with the Judgment Act. The Department has at least preliminarily determined that successors in interest and beneficiaries of the Judgment Funds are exclusively the lineal descendants of those individual members of the historic Lower Band of Chinook and Clatsop Indians cited on the Annuity Roll dated July 29, 1914.

In accordance with the Judgment plan the Bureau is tasked with developing a plan to distribute the funds. On June 8, 1974, the BIA held a Hearing of Record (Hearing) in Skamokawa, Washington to receive input on how the funds from the ICC Docket 234 (Judgment Funds) should be used or distributed. The BIA Hearings Officer estimated that in 1974, there were between 5,000 and 6,000 individuals who could potentially claim eligibility for a per capita distribution. If the award were to have been distributed on a per capita basis in 1970, the estimated distribution would likely have been less than ten dollars per recipient. Due to the small amount of funding and potentially large number of prospective per capita recipients, the result of the Hearing was that the funds be used to establish an educational scholarship fund. Thus, the Acting Superintendent, Western Washington Agency (now Puget Sound Agency) recommended to the Acting Director, Portland Area Office (now Northwest Regional Office) the Judgment Funds be used for an educational scholarship fund. The Acting Director, Portland Area Office, concurred and forwarded the recommendation to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (Commissioner).

The distribution has not yet occurred because of a statutory requirement that limits per capita distributions to 80% of a particular judgment (even at 100% the amount would have been insignificant); the inherent difficulty in determining all the rightful beneficiaries (the 1970 estimate was 5,000 to 6,000); and the lack of federal-recognition status for the Lower Band of Chinooks and the Clatsop Indians.

During this fifty-plus year period, a group claiming status as the successors in interest to the Lower Chinooks and Clatsops embarked on an unsuccessful attempt at federal recognition. With the recognition issue having been decided, pending litigation of the decision, and there still being no federally recognized Lower Chinook or Clatsop tribe, BIA is now focusing its attention back to the mandate of the Judgement Funds Order; that the funds benefit the successors in interest to the Lower Band of Chinook and Clatsop Indians.

In March 2021 the BIA resumed its work to develop a plan for the use and distribution of the Judgment Funds. As the Hearing of Record was conducted over fifty years ago, the Bureau is again reaching out to gather input from individuals and tribal groups with lineal descendancy connections to the 1914 Roll.

On July 22, 2021, the Bureau distributed letters to the 45 federally recognized tribes in the Northwest Region of the United States as well as the non-recognized tribal entity claiming Lower Chinook and Clatsop ancestry. Three tribes or tribal entities responded to the letters: the federally recognized Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon (CTGR), Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon (CTSI); and the non-federally recognized Chinook Indian Nation (CIN).


On Dec. 2, 2021, beginning at 1:00 p.m. (Pacific Time) BIA will host a virtual public Hearing of Record via Zoom to gather input on their proposed plan leading to a recommendation regarding the use or distribution of monies awarded to the Clatsop and Lower Band of Chinook Tribes by the Indian Claims Commission. Individuals descended from those persons listed on the 1914 Roll, or tribal entities with members descended from the 1914 Roll, are invited to express their oral or written views by appearing at the hearing, or they may submit written comments for inclusion in the official record by emailing or by writing to:

Bureau of Indian Affairs
Northwest Regional Office
C/O: Regional Director
911 Northeast 11th Avenue
Portland, Oregon, 97232

Written comments are due December 15, 2021.

A Registration link and participant instructions will be provided by November 10, 2021.


At present, the Secretary’s proposed draft plan (Plan) builds on the findings of the ICC regarding the rightful beneficiaries and the consensus reached at the 1974 Hearing of Record with the related BIA recommendation. The Judgment Funds would be managed in perpetuity to provide annual funding of educational scholarships for the lineal descendants of the 1914 Roll.

A six-member oversight board would be established with CIN, CTGR, and CTSI each selecting two members. In the event one of the three entities chose not to participate, selection of the positions they would have chosen would be split among the remaining participant entities. The oversight board would solicit and accept annual applications from individuals who could substantiate their lineal descendancy from those individuals listed on the 1914 Roll, irrespective of whether the individual was an enrolled member of a particular tribe or tribal group. As the funding would be limited, additional eligibility criteria and award amounts would be established by the oversight board.

The balance of the fund on the date of Congressional approval of the final Plan submitted by the Secretary would serve as the ‘base’ fund and be managed and reinvested in perpetuity. Annual revenue from the fund would be distributed through the oversight board to successful grant recipients. No holdover of funds from year to year would be allowed.

Plan Development

Development of a final Plan will take into consideration the input provided at the Hearing of Record conducted on June 8, 1974, written comments provided by the above three tribal entities, and the testimony gathered from the planned December 2, 2021 Virtual Public Hearing of Record.


Questions about this project may be submitted to Any questions submitted will be reviewed and addressed as appropriate at the Virtual Public Hearing.