Indian Affairs | Fire Effects and Fire Monitoring

Fire Effects & Fire Monitoring

The effects of fire on the landscape and its impact on vegetation and wildlife are important aspects of fire management. Understanding the effects fire has to the landscape is essential to effective landscape restoration.

Fire Effects References

NWCG Fire Effects Guide

FFI: Ecological Monitoring Utilities (Forms, Training, Manuals, Helpful Resources)

Effects of Fire on Cultural Resources & Archaeology


Fire Effects Information System

Fire and Aquatic Ecosystems of the Western US: current knowledge and key questions

  Restoring & Maintaining Resilient Landscapes on the San Carlos Apache Reservation

RMRS GTR 42 Vol 1 - Effects of Fire on Fauna

  RMRS GTR 42 Vol 2 - Effects of Fire on Flora
  RMRS GTR 42 Vol 4 - Effects of Fire on Soil and Water
  RMRS GTR 42 Vol 5 - Effects of Fire on Air
  RMRS GTR 42 Vol 6 - Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants

Monitoring References

Careful monitoring and evaluation of natural resources after a prescribed or natural fire is a necessary and ongoing process. Monitoring the vegetation and other environmental components validate treatment objectives and helps managers understand the role fire plays in nature and how it affects important ecosystem components. It is also important for managers to understand how fire influences the systems so they can adjust treatment plans that will improve results.

Protocol/Manuals/ProceduresGuides/ HandbooksFormsReferences
Fire Effects Monitoring Protocol v1.0

Fuel & Fire Effects Monitoring Guide

Fire Behavior Observation Measuring & Monitoring Plant Populations

Wildland Fire Management Reference Manual

Fuel Moisture Sampling Guide - BLM Utah (2007)Fire Behavior Summary The Strategy and Design of the Effectiveness Monitoring Program for the Northwest Forest Plan

Southwest Area Fuel Moisture Monitoring Program - Standard Methods & Procedures (2004)

Fuel Moisture Collection Methods - A Field Guide (2011)Fuel Moisture Sampling   
 Fuel Moisture Collection Methods and Equipment - A Desk Guide (2011)

Photographic Log


 Fire Monitoring Handbook

Smoke Observation



Special Forecast Request


  Fire Weather Observations  

Photo Monitoring Resources & Techniques

Photoland Sampling Techniques

Site-Specific Repeat Photography

Ground-Bases Photographic Monitoring

Appendix A: Methodology for Photo monitoring of Change in Vegetation or Soil

Photo Grid Analysis


Transect Photo Sampling

 Appendix C: Photo Monitoring Equipment