Indian Affairs | Tribal Justice Support Directorate

Tribal Justice Support Directorate

The Tribal Justice Support Directorate (TJS) provides guidance, technical support, and advisory services to tribal courts and CFR Courts (Code of Federal Regulations; also known as Courts of Indian Offenses), including:

  • providing funding to tribal courts;
  • training directed to specific needs of tribal court personnel;
  • promoting cooperation and coordination among tribal justice systems and Federal and state judiciary systems; and
  • providing oversight for the continuing operations for the Courts of Indian Offenses.

As mandated by 25 U.S.C. Section 3612, TJS works with Tribes to conduct tribal court reviews by using a modified model of the Trial Court Performance Standards (TCPS).  The TCPS assists tribal courts in identifying existing problems and formulating strategies for improvement of tribal courts and provides an outcome-oriented conceptual framework of tribal court performance areas, standards, and measures.

Components of TJS include:

  • Civil Law 
  • Criminal Law 
  • Diversion and Re-entry
  • Tribal Court Assessment Program
  • Tribal Court Trial Advocacy Training

Inter-Agency and Intra-Bureau collaborative efforts supporting tribal justice systems include:

  • Tiwahe Initiative
  • Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013's special domestic violence criminal jurisdiction provisions
  • Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010's extended sentencing provisions
  • Diversion and Re-entry programs
  • Updating the Model Indian Juvenile Code to incorporate applicable provisions of OJJDP, TLOA, and the Affordable Healthcare Act